Nine Recognized Dental Specialties


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From fixing misaligned teeth to performing complicated oral surgery, there are many types of dental specialist roles available for those seeking an exciting career in dentistry. With the number of patients increasing, dental specialists are in high demand. Regardless of their specialty, jobs are available for dentists across the nation.

A Need for All Types of Dentists

There is a need in the United States for dental specialists of all types. As the population grows and many experienced dentists retire, there are new jobs available. This expanding job market extends to all types of dental specialists. There are nine dental specialties recognized by the National Commission on Recognition of Dental Specialties and Certifying Boards 

Nine Types of Dental Specialists

There are nine recognized specialties according to National Commission on Recognition of Dental Specialties and Certifying Boards:

1. Endodontics

Endodontics is the branch of dentistry which is concerned with the morphology, physiology and pathology of the human dental pulp and periradicular tissues. Its study and practice encompass the basic and clinical sciences including biology of the normal pulp, the etiology, diagnosis, prevention and treatment of diseases and injuries of the pulp and associated periradicular conditions

2. Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology

Oral pathology is the specialty of dentistry and discipline of pathology that deals with the nature, identification, and management of diseases affecting the oral and maxillofacial regions. It is a science that investigates the causes, processes, and effects of these diseases. The practice of oral pathology includes research and diagnosis of diseases using clinical, radiographic, microscopic, biochemical, or other examinations.

3. Dental Public Health

Dental public health is the science and art of preventing and controlling dental diseases and promoting dental health through organized community efforts. It is that form of dental practice which serves the community as a patient rather than the individual. It is concerned with the dental health education of the public, with applied dental research, and with the administration of group dental care programs as well as the prevention and control of dental diseases on a community basis.

4. Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology

Oral and maxillofacial radiology is the specialty of dentistry and discipline of radiology concerned with the production and interpretation of images and data produced by all modalities of radiant energy that are used for the diagnosis and management of diseases, disorders and conditions of the oral and maxillofacial region.

5. Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

Oral and maxillofacial surgery is the specialty of dentistry which includes the diagnosis, surgical and adjunctive treatment of diseases, injuries and defects involving both the functional and esthetic aspects of the hard and soft tissues of the oral and maxillofacial region.

6. Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics

Orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics is the dental specialty that includes the diagnosis, prevention, interception, and correction of malocclusion, as well as neuromuscular and skeletal abnormalities of the developing or mature orofacial structures.

7. Pediatric Dentistry

Pediatric Dentistry is an age-defined specialty that provides both primary and comprehensive preventive and therapeutic oral health care for infants and children through adolescence, including those with special health care needs

8. Periodontics

Periodontics is that specialty of dentistry which encompasses the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the supporting and surrounding tissues of the teeth or their substitutes and the maintenance of the health, function and esthetics of these structures and tissues.

9. Prosthodontics

Prosthodontics is the dental specialty pertaining to the diagnosis, treatment planning, rehabilitation and maintenance of the oral function, comfort, appearance and health of patients with clinical conditions associated with missing or deficient teeth and/or oral and maxillofacial tissues using biocompatible substitutes.

Connect with a Hunter & Spence Dental Career Consultant to learn about dental specialist careers opportunities.

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Sources:

Pew Trusts: http://www.pewtrusts.org/en/research-and-analysis/blogs/stateline/2015/09/21

ADA: http://www.ada.org/en/education-careers/careers-in-dentistry/dental-specialties/specialty-definitions

ADEA: http://www.adea.org/GoDental/Future_Dentists.aspx